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TOPIC: The Discrete Semiconductor Guide

The Discrete Semiconductor Guide 5 months 3 days ago #1230344

  • Nowseore
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A conductor is a material that allows electrons to flow, and therefore an electric current, when voltage is applied. Some conductors are better at their jobs than others, which is why they are used in wiring. Copper and aluminum, for example, are good conductors. As a result of their precious metal status, silver and gold have limited economic use. Conductors become less efficient as temperatures rise.

A good insulator is one that has high resistance, which can stop an electric current from flowing. Plastic and rubber are good insulators. Plastic is used most often to insulate wiring because it is flexible and waterproof.

Basically, a semiconductor is somewhere in between a conductor and an insulator. It may have low resistance in some circumstances and high resistance in others, or it may simply conduct electricity, but not very well. Therefore, they are useful for circuits because they can be used to amplify or switch the electric current, or manipulate it. A semiconductor can be made from silicon, germanium or tin, but dozens of compounds or alloys are also possible. As they heat up, semiconductors become more conductive.

We now have discrete semiconductors. As their name suggests, discrete semiconductors are a particular type of semiconductor. An integrated circuit semiconductor is a semiconductor device that has more complex functions than a semiconductor device that has only one fundamental function.

Discrete Semiconductors: What's the Difference?

Discrete semiconductors are typically sold as parts of circuits, especially integrated circuits. These circuits can perform various functions in a device, which differentiates them substantially from discrete semiconductors.

The basic function of a discrete semiconductor cannot be broken down into other functions. For example, an integrated circuit may contain a transistor, a diode, and other components. By working together as a circuit, these components can complete several functions together, or they can perform different functions separately. In contrast, discrete semiconductors can only perform one function. For instance, a transistor always performs transistor functions.

Nowadays, semiconductors are usually purchased as part of integrated circuits. For some applications, however, discrete semiconductors provide the most appropriate solution to an engineering need. Consequently, discrete semiconductors play a crucial role in the marketplace of electronic components.

In order to accomplish the desired functionality for which these devices are designed in any given circuit, some of these discrete devices must be purchased with other devices. The ability to purchase discrete semiconductors makes prototyping and production affordable for some engineering needs. Semiconductors perform functions ranging from regulating power to acting as switches, among others.
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